Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was born in 1874 in Oxfordshire, one of the forty-seven counties of England. From noble family, studied at Harrow School, a boarding school near London, and in 1893 entered Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst, where British Army officers are trained. During his stay at the school he fought in Cuba (1895), India (1898) and Sudan (1899). However, Churchill soon grew tired of military life and resigned from it in 1899 to join the Conservative party. The following year he won a seat in Parliament and it was there that he began a political career that would last until his death on 24 January 1965.
As a politician, Churchill changed parties several times, although this did not prevent him from holding important positions. In 1904 he went to Liberal Party for his greater commitment to social justice, but in 1924 back to the Conservatives because he was against labor. During those twenty years he was Deputy Minister of Colonies (1906-1908), Minister of Commerce (1908-1910), Home Affairs (1910-1911) and First Lord of the Navy (1911-1915), and from 1925 to 1929 he was held Tax authority department. However, Churchill was not an expert in financial matters and in 1925 he decided to return England to the gold standard, despite the risk of deflation and unemployment it poses, which causes the only general strike history of the country and its withdrawal from politics for ten years.
Winston Churchill, two-time leader
Although he remained on the sidelines in Parliament, Churchill did not stop following politics. By 1938 he was already an ardent critic of appeasement policy from the prime minister at that time Neville Chamberlain to Germany’s Adolf Hitler. Churchill advocated British weaponry to stop Nazi expansion in Europe, so when Britain declared war on Germany in 1939, he returned to the post of First Lord of the Admiralty. A year later, Chamberlain resigned after nazi invasion from Norway, Churchill had predicted. Against this backdrop, King George VI appointed him Prime Minister.
Churchill thus led his country during World War II. in the form a government national rallies with Labor, Liberals and Conservatives, and abroad withdraw alliance with the United States and the Soviet Union to defeat Hitler. Too collaborating with washington to design a post-war international order, based on the United Nations and NATO. Churchill’s policies led England to victory and made him go down in history as one of the great statesmen of the 20th century.
However, his renewed popularity was not enough to get him re-elected in the 1945 general election, as during the campaign he too critical with the Labor Party and England don’t believe him able to guide them in times of peace. Churchill thus became leader of the conservative opposition until 1951, when he returned to the post of prime minister. However, his second term was more controversial, due to rebellions in the colonies Kenya you Malaysia shows that the British Empire was destroyed. Churchill didn’t even finish that second term, because— resigned in 1955 due to illness, although he remained a Member of Parliament until 1964, the year before his death.
A man of light and shadow
Winston Churchill is one of the most famous leaders in history thanks to his extensive political experience —in 1959 He received the award Mr. House of Representatives for being the longest-serving member of parliament—and his two terms as head of the UK. In addition, in 1953, he received Nobel Prize for Literature for his “brilliant mastery of writing and speech”, following his memoirs of the Second World War, and in 2002 the British voted him the best Briton in history in a BBC poll. However, after the killing in the United States of African-American George Floyd at the hands of a white police officer in 2020, many protests have also arisen in the UK, which They demand, among other things, a review from Churchill’s official history, as it excludes references to his racism and supremacy.
In 1937, for example, Churchill declared that he did not believe that injustice had been done to American Indians or black Australians “because of superior race” [la británica], a race with more wisdom about the world […], has arrived and has taken its place.” Her attitude towards Mahatma Gandhi, For who hated and laughed at, or you responsibility in the Bengal famine that killed three million people in 1943.
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