The United States supports the work of Staffan de Mistura and is once again committed to the Moroccan nature of the Sahara

The United States Department of State announced its support for the United Nations Organization’s special envoy to Western Sahara, Staffan de Mistura, to find a political solution between the parties involved in the Saharawi conflict, as shown by the media Hespress and Rue20.

Work continues on dialogue between Morocco, the Polisario Front, Algeria and Mauritania, with UN mediation, to reach an agreement between the parties ending decades of confrontation in the region.

“We support your efforts to relaunch a credible political process that leads to a lasting and acceptable political solution to the conflict in the Sahara on both sides,” the State Department said.

This official US statement coincides with the tour that has brought Staffan de Mistura to Morocco, to meet with Foreign Minister Nasser Bourita and the Kingdom’s permanent ambassador to the United Nations Omar Hilale, and the Tindouf . refugee camp in the Algerian region to speak with representatives of the Polisario Front and the Algerian authorities and to monitor the situation in the area on the ground.

On the occasion of this announcement, The US State Department has also once again stressed its full support for the broad autonomy formula for Western Sahara under Moroccan sovereignty. who defended the kingdom of Alaouite, all under UN principles. “We continue to view Morocco’s autonomy plan as serious, credible and realistic,” the State Department official indicated, as published by Rue20.

Morocco has defended the need to maintain political dialogue between the parties to the conflict in Western Sahara: the Alaouite kingdom itself, the Polisario Front, Algeria and Mauritania. All of this is under UN supervision.

The North African nation’s proposal for broad autonomy for the Saharawi region under Moroccan sovereignty has broad international support by important countries, such as the United States, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom or even more recently Germany. Above all, after the US administration of Donald Trump in the past recognized the Moroccan nature of Western Sahara in return for a North African country establishing diplomatic relations with Israel, following in the footsteps of the famous Abraham Accords, in which the state of Israel established a policy of relations with Israel. various Arab countries such as the Emirates and Bahrain.

In the face of this Moroccan proposal, the Polisario Front postulates were opposed, which defended the celebration of the independence referendum of the Saharawi people. A proposal that has received little support, including from Algeria, Morocco’s main political rival in the Maghreb and which maintains strained relations after severing diplomatic ties with the Kingdom last summer.

As several analysts have pointed out, This latest step taken by the Algerian regime is yet another example of international isolation that goes against the good relations that the Alaouite kingdom maintains with many of the countries concerned, as has been demonstrated by recent moves by countries such as the United States or Germany for closer relations with Morocco.

Staffan de Mistura, United Nations Special Envoy to Western Sahara
AFP/FABRICE COFFRINI – Staffan de Mistura, United Nations Special Envoy to Western Sahara

De Mistura visits the Saharawi Red Crescent

The UN Secretary General’s new special envoy for Western Sahara, Staffan de Mistura, visited the Saharawi Red Crescent headquarters, and met with Buhubeini Yahya Buhubeini, president of the Saharawi institution in charge of providing basic food for Saharawi refugees, as reported by ECSAHARAUI

He also interviewed NGOs working in refugee camps to examine the humanitarian situation in the area.

More than 170,000 people currently living in Saharawi refugee camps in Tindouf, southwest Algeria, are in extremely difficult conditions, exacerbated by the coronavirus pandemic and that is causing concern.

Brahim Ghali, leader of the Polisario Front
AFP/RYAD KRAMDI- Brahim Ghali, leader of the Polisario Front

Staffan de Mistura’s meeting with the leader of the Polisario Front, Brahim Ghali, was also planned. next visit to Mauritania and also next trip to Algeria after passing through Tindouf camp.

It should be noted that Brahim Ghali was indicted before the Spanish National Court by various activists who accused him of committing acts of terrorism and torture in the Tindouf camps. The leader of the Polisario Front also provoked the latest diplomatic confrontation between Spain and Morocco due to his presence on Spanish territory had to be hospitalized for a respiratory condition. The North African country has asked Spanish government Pedro Sánchez for an explanation for allowing Brahim Ghali into its territory and for not informing Moroccan authorities of this. After this incident there were other uncomfortable situations such as the illegal entry of thousands of Moroccan immigrants through the Ceuta border or the withdrawal of the Moroccan ambassador from Madrid. All this with the permanent shadow of the problem that Spain has not sufficiently supported its thesis on Western Sahara for Morocco.

Matt Thompson

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